He main Die Casting alloys are: zinc, aluminium, magnesium, copper, lead, and tin. Specific Die Casting alloys include: ZAMAK, zinc aluminium, AA 380, AA 384, AA 386, AA 390, and AZ91D magnesium. The following is a summary of the advantages of each alloy:
Aluminium alloy die casting
Material: aluminium(A380;ADC12,ect.) & Aluminum Alloy Process: pressure die casting & gravity casting Surface Treatment: anodizing Specification: Heat Sink Used for Automobile cars
Zinc die casting of machine part
Material: Zinc or Zinc Alloy Process: pressure die casting & gravity casting Surface Treatment: nature Used for Agricultural machines; lifting machines; grinding machines; medical machines
Zinc: the easiest alloy to cast; high ductility; high impact strength; easily plated; economical for small parts; promotes long die life.
Aluminium: lightweight; high dimensional stability for complex shapes and thin walls; good corrosion resistance; good mechanical properties; high thermal and electrical conductivity; retains strength at high temperatures.
Magnesium: the easiest alloy to machine; excellent strength-to-weight ratio; lightest alloy commonly die cast.
Copper: high hardness; high corrosion resistance; highest mechanical properties of alloys die cast; excellent wear resistance; excellent dimensional stability; strength approaching that of steel parts.
Lead and Tin: high density; extremely close dimensional accuracy; used for special forms of corrosion resistance.
Maximum weight limits for aluminium, brass, magnesium, and zinc castings are approximately 70 pounds (32 kg), 10 lb (5 kg), 44 lb (20 kg), and 75 lb (34 kg), respectively.
The material used defines the minimum section thickness and minimum draft required for a casting as outlined in the table below.
|Metal||Minimum section||Minimum draft|
|Aluminium alloys||0.89 mm (0.035 in.)||1:100 (0.6°)|
|Brass and bronze||1.27 mm (0.050 in.)||1:80 (0.7°)|
|Magnesium alloys||1.27 mm (0.050 in.)||1:100 (0.6°)|
|Zinc alloys||0.63 mm (0.025 in.)||1:200 (0.3°)|
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