Non-Ferrous Metals

Material nameCompositionPropertiesApplications
Aluminum / Aluminum alloysPure metal / Easily alloyed with    small amounts of copper, manganese, silicone, magnesium, and other elementsLow density, good electrical conductivity (approx.   60% of copper),   nonmagnetic, noncombustible, ductile, malleable,   corrosion resistance;   easily formed, machined, or castWindow frames, aircraft parts,    automotive parts, kitchenware
BrassAlloy of copper and zinc, 65% to 35%    is the common ratioReasonable hardness; casts, forms,    and machines well; good electrical conductivity and acoustic propertiesParts for electrical fittings,    valves, forgings, ornaments, musical instruments
CopperPure metalExcellent ductility, thermal and    electrical conductivityElectrical wiring, tubing, kettles,    bowls, pipes, printed circuit boards
LeadPure metalHeaviest common metal, ductile, and    malleable, good corrosion resistancePipes, batteries, roofing, protection    against X-Rays
Magnesium / Magnesium AlloysPure metal / Used as an alloy element for aluminum,   lead, zinc, and   other nonferrous alloys; alloyed with aluminum to   improve the   mechanical, fabrication, and welding characteristicsLightest metallic material (density of about 2/3 of   that of   aluminum), strong and tough, most machinable metal, good   corrosion   resistance, easily castAutomobile, portable electronics,    appliances, power tools, sporting goods parts, and aerospace equipment
Nickel / Nickel AlloysPure metal / Alloys very well with    large amounts of other elements, chiefly chromium, molybdenum, and tungstenVery good corrosion resistance (can be alloyed to   extend beyond   stainless steels), good high temperature and mechanical   performance,   fairly good conductor of heat and electricityThe major use of nickel is in the preparation of   alloys or plating -   frequently used as an undercoat in decorative   chromium plating and to   improve corrosion resistance; applications   include electronic lead   wires, battery components, heat exchangers in   corrosive environments
Titanium / Titanium AlloysPure metal / Easily alloys with    aluminum, nickel, chromium, and other elementsLow density, low coefficient of thermal expansion,   high melting   point, excellent corrosion resistance, nontoxic and   generally   biologically compatible with human tissues and bones, high   strength,   stiffness, good toughnessAerospace structures and other high-performance   applications,   chemical and petrochemical applications, marine   environments, and   biomaterial applications
Zinc / Zinc AlloysPure metal/ Metal is employed to form numerous alloys   with other   metals. Alloys of primarily zinc with small amounts of   copper, aluminum,   and magnesium are useful in die-casting. The most   widely used alloy of   zinc is brassExcellent corrosion resistance, light    weight, reasonable conductor of electricityUsed principally for galvanizing iron (more than 50%   of metallic zinc   goes into galvanizing steel), numerous automotive   applications because   of its light weight